Is the writing of history, the writings of history based on critical examination of sources, the selection of particulars from authentic materials and synthesis the particulars into a narrative that will stand the test of critical methods. It can also be called the principles theory, a history of historical writing.
Two tendencies of history writing in the beginnings of the western tradition. One being the accumulation of records and the other being the concept of history as story telling involving cause and effect.
The Indian history so far seemed so focused on the sources of British origin. The narrative was from the point of view of the British, and the western society at large.
For example the Indian history is divided into ancient-medieval-modern, loosely translating to hindu-muslim and British. These classifications take on the religion of the rulers. But the fabric of a Hindu ruler did contain Muslim citizens as the vicaversa was also true. In fact this blinker worn by British administration has had its effect as farfetched as the partition of India.
Looking at folklores, and document of the other, that is the historians of the Indian kings, and the documents of non royal scribes would reveal a whole different picture. Example the pravasi pustaka written by the travellers of Vijayanagar present the contemporary economic and political structure. Plays and stories also reflect the society in which they were created.
So historiographers are out to reconstruct Indian history in the perception of the Indian nation.
For those who are interested in knowing more here are two links.