With The Refugees

World Refugee Day commemorates the obstacles that Refugees face each year. It also honours their courage and strength, on June 20th the United Nations observes the World Refugee Day.

The United Nations High Commission has set up #WithRefugees petition to create an action plan to bring about solidarity and global responsibility on behalf of refugee. Asylum seekers differ from Refugees as they are individuals who have sought international protection and their claim for refugee status has not yet been determined.

According to the UN-refugee body as of 2015 there are about 2,07,861 persons of concern  and 6,480 asylum seeks.  India has offered sheltered to Tibetans, the chakmas the Afghans and ethnic Srilankan Tamils.  Despite of one of the largest refugee population in South Asia we are yet to enact an uniform law that addresses the issue of asylum.

Interestingly  none of the domestic laws speak in reference to the term “refugee” India has not signed the 1951 United Nations Refugee Convention on the status of Refugees nor has the 1967 protocol dealing with rights and services the host state must provide the refugees been signed.  Though there is an informal refuge regime, parallel to the international one, no formal asylum policy is devised; the decision for granting of asylum is ad hoc and case-to-case basis. In 2015 the congress MP Shashi Tharoor introduced a private member bill called the asylum bill 2015 it is to provide for the establishment of a legal framework to harmonize India’s refugee policy, this has not yet been taken up for consideration.

The Tibetans who came seeking asylum in 1959 along with the Dalai Lama were treated as refugee’s and given land and housing, it since been discontinued.  They can avail all the privileges of an Indian citizen though they cannot vote or take government jobs provided they have a registration certificate (RC) the RC a prerequisite to live in India is issued by the passport office Delhi on recommendations of the Bureau of His Holiness the Dalai Lama Delhi.

The Sri Lankan Tamil refugees could be either camp refugees or non-camp refugees  this depends on the socio-economic parameter. They cannot vote or own property though they can own cattle and purchase things for domestic use. The identity card is issued either for the family or to individuals, and it would document details of the names, age, relationships, gender, date and location of arrival in India their education background and the address in SriLanka, the camp revenue inspector also issues a refugee certificate which is required for them to return to SriLanka.

Since July 2016 the Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jains Parsis and Christians refugees from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan staying in India on Term Visa’s have been regularized, they are allowed to open bank accounts, purchase property for self occupation and suitable accommodation for carrying out self employment, take self-employment and obtain documents like driving licenses, PAN cards and Aadhar numbers. They are also given privileges like free movement within the state or union Territory; transfer fo visa paper from one state to the other, waiver of penalty on non-extension of short-term or long term visas on time.

Bangladeshi’s and Pakistani’s who belong to minority communities and have entered India on or before Dec.31,2014 have exempted from relevant provisions of rules and order made under the Passport Act 1920 (Entry into India) and the Foreigners Act 1946 with respect to their entry and stay in India without documents or after the expiry of those documents.

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International Day against Nuclear Testing.

29th August is the International day against Nuclear Tests created by UN.  This was declared in the 2nd December 2009 session through the resolution that deals with effects of nuclear tests. The entire concept was to galvanize the banning of nuclear tests. This is achieved through symposiums, seminars, exhibition competition etc.

Yet an random thought does pop up, is it enough to celebrate international day against nuclear tests? What makes states detonate nuclear weapons if they jeopardize health?

On one hand President Obama outlines his vision of nuclear weapon free world, he forges treaties to reduce the number of and spread of nuclear arsenal and on the other, he upholds the triad of nuclear arsenal supported by every former US president.

What would the effect of nuclear testing be?NPT 3

On health we the Hiroshima bombs have revealed the effects which can be classified under four head.

  1. Initial stage that is 1-9 weeks where 90% of the death occurs, and the cause being thermal injury and about 10% of the deaths are due to radiation exposure. This phase claims the highest mortality.
  2. Between 10 – 12 weeks in the intermediate state where deaths occur due to ionizing radiation.
  3. From 13-20 weeks is the late period where the survive could exhibit certain amount of improvement.
  4. Over 20 weeks is the delayed period, the complications are numerous here, like the healing of the thermal and mechanical injuries, over exposure of radiation, there could be infertility and sub fertility, blood disorders, increased incidents of cancer.

Environment effects were studied in France. The effects were again long term and short term. There have been evidences of landslides, tsunami’s and earthquake being triggered. Fission products leaked into the biosphere and transfer of dissolved plutonium was found in the ocean and food chain.NPT 2

India as a country has not signed the NPT treaty because it would mean we would have to get rid of our nuclear weapons, or face crippling sanctions. Signing the treaty would put the country to  a disadvantage with Pakistan and China.  In a way NPT is quite discriminatory, with only five countries which includes India’s hostile neighbour china, would have the status of Nuclear Weapon State.  Nuclear energy is quite essential to India as it comes us self reliant when it comes to energy.

The treaty does not determine whether a country requires nuclear power, and there is no framework in the treaty to handle the requirement of nuclear energy. As President Pranab Da put it, NPT is a flawed treaty and it did not recognize the need for universal, non-discriminatory verification and treatment for every nation has the right to use nuclear purpose for peaceful uses, and restricting is not justified.

images courtesy Google Images.

http://dailytimes.com.pk/opinion/29-Aug-16/on-this-international-day-against-nuclear-tests

In mah neighboorhuid.

indo pakIndo Pak relations,

Past..Present…

We are symbiotic that is what I feel, everytime the political leaders feel their powers threatened it could be Quadri in Pakistan or Modi in Hindustan, men the state powers claim a border leak or break. People in Pakistan will talk about Indians causing instability, and in India we point our fingers at them.

The Brits knew freaking well what they were doing, sibling rivalry keeps India Pakistan so busy that one day we wake to hear that Bangladesh and Srilanka have become superpowers while we were squabbling.  Remember the story of the cat who divided the butter, that’s what is happening.

Very few people of the vanishing Raj are present today; I am from a generation that would hear about the struggle for independence from my parents and grandparents. Albeit my mother was a bit too young.

If America and England are two countries separated by the same language, India and Pakistan are the same country separated by politics.

The seed of this divide was sown in 1932 by a now forgotten revolutionary.

It was rekindled by British with two inspiring factors,

  • They wanted a buffer between India and Russia, else Afghanistan to the subcontinent it would all be influenced by the Eurasian cousins in Russia.
  • Nehru was to be the state head. This was part of the deal.

The creation of the Indian constitution based on the act of 1935 govt. Of India act, actually the president replaced the king, prime minister stayed same, and counties replaced by state worked as a starting point, while Pakistan remained lost.

The logic of the division cited was a Muslim Pakistan and a non-Muslim India; the princely states were to choose their allegiance. The tragedy was the Muslims who were comfortable in their skins and with their evening pegs, got Pakistan while the people who wanted an Islamic nation, i.e. the cowbelt Muslims got left behind!!

The cartography of the divide was overseen by a barrister named Sir Cyril Radcliff, who suffered from a Delhi-Belly, and presto, the united family of post independent India was cut up by the unsteady hands of challenged intestine… lets give him benefit of doubt it could be challenged stomach.  No geographic study or survey was done.

No plebiscite was conducted. The princely states were given Hobson’s choice.

Jinnah was chosen as the beacon of Pakistan simply because the then Aga Khan supported him.

  • The interesting fact was no state opted for Pakistan.
  • There were states with Muslim population and Hindu rulers and visa-versa.
  • Junagadh royalty opted for Pakistan post aug.14th
  • Hyderabad, wanted to go to Pakistan but geographic restrains were clamped.

I am sharing an article by a Pakistan radical thinker that I really like reading.

Capital suggestion
By Dr Farrukh Saleem

Here’s what is happening in India :
The two Ambani brothers can buy 100 percent of every company listed on the Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) and would still be left with $30 billion to spare. The four richest Indians can buy up all goods and services produced over a year by 169 million Pakistanis and still be left with $60 billion to spare. The four richest Indians are now richer than the forty richest Chinese.
In November, Bombay Stock Exchange’s benchmark Sensex flirted with 20,000 points. As a consequence, Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Industries became a $100 billion company (the entire KSE is capitalized at $65 billion). Mukesh owns 48 percent of Reliance.
In November, comes Neeta’s birthday. Neeta turned forty-four three weeks ago. Look what she got from her husband as her birthday present: A sixty-million dollar jet with a custom fitted master bedroom, bathroom with mood lighting, a sky bar, entertainment cabins, satellite television, wireless communication and a separate cabin with game consoles. Neeta is Mukesh Ambani’s wife, and Mukesh is not India ‘s richest but the second richest.

Mukesh is now building his new home, Residence Antillia (after a mythical, phantom island somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean ). At a cost of $1 billion this would be the most expensive home on the face of the planet. At 173 meters tall Mukesh’s new family residence, for a family of six, will be the equivalent of a 60-storeyed building. The first six floors are reserved for parking. The seventh floor is for car servicing and maintenance. The eighth floor houses a mini-theatre. Then there’s a health club, a gym and a swimming pool. Two floors are reserved for Ambani family’s guests. Four floors above the guest floors are family floors all with a superb view of the Arabian Sea . On top of everything are three helipads. A staff of 600 is expected to care for the family and their family home.
In 2004, India became the 3rd most attractive foreign direct investment destination… Pakistan wasn’t even in the top 25 countries.
In 2004, the United Nations, the representative body of 192 sovereign member states, had requested the Election Commission of India to assist the UN in the holding elections in Al Jumhuriyah al Iraqiyah and Dowlat-e Eslami-ye Afghanestan.. Why the Election Commission of India and not the Election Commission of Pakistan? After all, Islamabad is closer to Kabul than is Delhi .
Imagine, 12 percent of all American scientists are of Indian origin; 38 percent of doctors in America are Indian; 36 percent of NASA scientists are Indians; 34 percent of Microsoft employees are Indians; and 28 percent of IBM employees are Indians.
For the record: Sabeer Bhatia created and founded Hotmail… Sun Microsystems was founded by Vinod Khosla. The Intel Pentium processor, that runs 90 percent of all computers, was fathered by Vinod Dham. Rajiv Gupta co-invented Hewlett Packard’s E-speak project. Four out often Silicon Valley start-ups are run by Indians. Bollywood produces 800 movies per year and six Indian ladies have won Miss Universe/Miss World titles over the past 10 years.
For the record: Azim Premji, the richest Muslim entrepreneur on the face of the planet, was born in Bombay and now lives in Bangalore.India now has more than three dozen billionaires; Pakistan has none (not a single dollar billionaire) .
The other amazing aspect is the rapid pace at which India is creating wealth. In 2002, Dhirubhai Ambani, Mukesh and Anil Ambani’s father, left his two sons a fortune worth $2.8 billion. In 2007, their combined wealth stood at $94 billion. On 29 October 2007, as a result of the stock market rally and the appreciation of the Indian rupee, Mukesh became the richest person in the world, with net worth climbing to US$63.2 billion (Bill Gates, the richest American, stands at around $56 billion). Indians and Pakistanis have the same Y-chromosome haplogroup. We have the same genetic sequence and the same genetic marker (namely: M124).
We have the same DNA molecule, the same DNA sequence. Our culture, our traditions and our cuisine are all the same. We watch the same movies and sing the same songs.
What is it that Indians have and we don’t?
INDIANS ELECT THEIR LEADERS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
And also to mention: They think of Construction of own nation, unlike other nations who are just concerned with destruction of others…

Simple answer why the Indian fare better than the Pakistani’.. They don’t focus on religion and neither do they spend time and money in devising ways to kill their own and everyone else over religion..

At the end of the day, not only are the Russians kept at bay, America finds a ready arms market, as long as the two nations are busy squabbling with each other the fear of collaboration with China is ruled out, that simple means the west is not threatened.

If our current trends keep up, then we these will past achievements, that are today’s egos and tomorrows breakdowns.

Recommended reading list by Mr.Raza for those interested in knowing more.citizen journalist

  • Rise and fall of great powers
  • Pangs of Proximity.
  • UN Kashmir resolution
  • Shimla resolution
  • Cartograph By B.G.varghese.
  • Saichen-Lt.General Raghavan
  • Sir creek border—Vice admiral Kushva.
  • Confronting terrorism.

Obama-Osama-Oh!a drama

Obama-Osama-O a drama.
Osama with this tranquil face has become icon of terrorism, and it was necessary of Obama to amputate his Islamic roots in the phase of Islamic phobia.
Yet I wonder how much American media has contributed to creating the Osama image. Movie star Jim Carrey calls Osama a boogieman.
His death has heralded an end and a beginning, it’s like “the king is dead long live the king”” as the Goan thinker Tomazino Cardozo observed “Bin laden maybe dead but not his thoughts.”
What is unacceptable and shocking in the whole operation is the way it was done!
The Americans sneaked and sized into Pakistan, it violating the sanctity of the country. To me it sounds like proving the American sovereignty, and an indirect invasion of Pakistan.
Shekhar Kapur observes –Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan all wounds opened in the name of Osama. If you note it’s like the invasion of the east, next boogieman will be created in India and so forth until, Uncle Sam slays the dragon (China) his real fear.

Though Osama’s bombing of the twin towers is unacceptable to the civilized mind it might be the only way to handle Uncle Sam who thrives on arms selling. Bully the Bully and he will back off.