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A precedent to the BT Brinjal is the defamation of the Lathyrus Sattivus.
In India it is known as Lakhodi, Khesari, Tikhadi and Tidwa.In Ethiopia it is called as Guaya and is known as grass peas in English.
Its original habitat is unknown but is cultivated as beds, in Ethiopia, India, France… Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Ethiopia and France grow and consume it. It is grown in Maharashtra, Bihar, Chhattisgarh areas in India.
Immature seeds can be eaten like green peas, while mature one is cooked.
This was incriminated for a crippling motor neuron disease called Lathyrism. Hence banned by the government. Medical texts say it is Lathyrism may occur if more than 400gms are consumed/day consistently for 3months. What happens here the gluteal muscles (the muscles forming the buttocks) tend to have extensive cell death, particularly the motor neurons causing paralysis or lack of strength or an inability to move the lower limbs.
But Lathyrism is where similar to magnesium poisoning, and the studies and survey were conducted in the Bhandara district, where extensive magnesium mining is done.
- Proteins 1 ½ more than either thuvar or chana dal
- Iron content 3 times greater.
- Calcium cotenant very high.
- If cultivated after paddy it requires no irrigation, no nutritional inputs, no weeding or soil turning.
- Draught and flood resistant.
- Excellent fodder material.
Before the ban
1920 research begins.
1928 R.McCarren, director of deficiency diseases inquiry Pasteur institute coonoor found no connection between Lathyrism and Lentil
1940 RLH Michins a Brit scientist exonerated Lathyrus from Lathyrism
1950 C.Gopalan of Nutritional research laboratory H’bad starts research.
1966 Govt. bans Lathyrus 6mnths before Gopalan could submit its report.
Currently Sri Shantilal Kothari, (Nagpur based Nutritionist) is trying to get the ban lifted. He is the man behind India’s first indigenous Soya milk production.
If Lathyrus is allowed to be legally grown and marketed both its quantity and quality would improve. Its market entry price would be around 13—15Rs/kg. This would shoot down the sky rocketing pulse price.
Now since it is cheaper than thuvar or china dal hotels tend to use it as substitute of the other two dhal or to blatantly adulterate thuvar dal.
India is the only country where Lathyrus is banned. The events charting the decision show some vested interest in banning the lentil.
- Down earth magazine, cover story
- Institute of deficiency disease journal
Pakistan is considering corporate agriculture. The agreement is individuals continue to own the land. The corporate leases the land from the owners to grow vegetables, which is to be exported to their countries. Tax holidays are offered to the investors. Middle East and gulf already has land stakes in Pakistan. How would this affect us I wonder? As for corporate agriculture it is loosely a business of agriculture it includes the entire chain—i.e. seed supply, agro chemicals, food processing, machinery, storage, transport distribution, marketing advertising and retail sale. Contract farming works in a slight different manner, in the sense the buyer has already paid X-amount to the farmer with the commitment that X-volume of output is given to him. This provides financial security and improves the small farmer, without eating him up. The onus of risk is still with the farmer. This risk gets eliminated by corporate farming since most corporate houses are either retrenching investments or growing their raw product. The government touts (both India and Pakistan) corporate farming as solution to the problems of the agrigarian, this will set them free to focus on technocracy where the cut backs are greater. Some laws are also modified to accommodate this concept. But the farmer will be required to plant the contractor’s crop, on his land, harvest and deliver. The equation being Contractor (material input, technical advice) – farmer (land and labour) PepsiCo came up with corporate farming in 1989 at hoshiarpur, for its tomato farm; subsequently it has entered basmati, groundnut oil and spices. Many farmers feel this tells on the natural ecology and resource balance of the terrain. To the corporate profit is the only focus and does not see any reason why it should coincide with ecological requirement of the region. Other issues are dropping price agreed upon quoting inferior quality as an issue. Farmers in Paksitan are quite skeptic due to massive bureaucracy involvement. Their observation on Pakistan’s general trend of things and India’s experience with corporate houses is that the small and middle level farmers get hit. The corporate come with hidden costs. One option that a farmer from west Punjab is that the farmers form a co-operative more along the lines of Amul. And localized strains of grains and cereals should be alternated as per the traditional pattern. May be it is time that a citizen’s charter took note of this.
Is self reliance a myth?
Once upon a time from the villages came milk, fruits, vegetables, flowers, condiments and clothes to town. So did the theater. This was the time when we prospered naturally, and we only optimized natural wealth. We may not have been very literate, but we were definitely more educated and better employed. The weekly village market being the super sale at the mall
Small stuff like coriander leaves, kadipatta, or pudina we run to town.
One wonders where the green, prosperous, self reliant country has vanished. – Logical answer is it has become the garbage dump for the so called developed countries.
With education turning its focus to degrees, and literacy only we have a vacuum. The wealth has gone wasted, health destroyed. All proposals and plans of rural development only push the farmer into greater debts. Making us more and more dependent.
Local eating habits are another causality, to the urbanization, and globalization bringing with it imbalance in nutrition. The Kadai, cuisine an art, well that’s for my next exploration. Today I have been wondering about a dish that has almost vanished from the Udupi cuisine, called Tambli.
Luckily for me my father Dr.Srinivasa Rao P.N. knew lot of people and being from a rural background, he was very much into our ethnic lifestyle. One of his friends Sri.Purushotam Rao .M. from Sagar actually gifted this book to me through him. It was all about our traditional cuisine, not the shetty-udupi hotel kind but rural Malnad-Tulunad kinds. The information he had collected was so interesting that I decided to share it with all my friends here.
This was so popular that we have a saying “unnokondu tambli – hoddukollodakkondu kambli” the tradition thambuhuli has got corrupted to tambli. Thambuhuli in itself being the colloquial version of tampu huli or cooling sour liquid. Equating this to the ayurveda point of view, this may not be very right, in terms of dosha classification i.e. we cannot randomly call it shita from the rural vocabulary point of view this could be thampu(cool) because since it feels cool after consuming it or because it is not boiled.
Tambli’s are made out of herbs, seeds, vegetables, kernels’, these were seasonal and sometimes even therapeutic. This Local knowledge bank has been eroded.
With each village dying out we are loosing tremendous knowledge and experience. They might not yet be documented and published in the world journals, but they are they for us to ensure that we could take them to the world platform.
As my humble contribution to a movement trying to revive the ethnic knowledge and lifestyle of Malnaad-tulunaad, I’m sharing this. Sri Purshotham Rao, heralds the Tambli as out reviving spirit, as it is a unique dish of Malnaad-tulnaad region.
For those who are interested in Rural Revival and Rehabilitation. Any information, guidance can be got through
Sanjivana krishi shamshodhana prathishtana
Jambani grama,barooru post
Krishi prayoga parivara
Krishi nivaasa, karuvalli post
The legend of conquering hero the valiant warrior they are so fascinating.(My friend Lakshman always accused me of romanticizing things)
What actually makes a warrior, — to me a warrior would be he who stands up what he believes in, someone who preservers even in the face of challenges and obstacles. Someone who speaks and acts in the service of an ideal. Someone who protects those are weak to fight for themselves—that’s a heavy burden to carry right.
It helps to awaken the shah within us, when we are scared, anxious, or feel powerless. There are times that we need to stand up to our beliefs and convictions. The fiery protective presence—quite often this is missing. Wonder why?
Maybe because he was never awoken, we have been conditioned from childhood to be docile. Maybe a over dominant warrior parent has made our shah reclusive, or still worse, absence of the warrior in parents may have made us unaware of his existence.
The best way to inspire is we find one warrior maybe real or mythical make him/her our mentor and start assimilitating him/her into our lives. It could work.
Interestingly the word Shah is derived from an Iranian word KSHATIYA –
take off on KSHATRIYA.
“He or she goes with the flow ” is generally seem to refer to an amicable, low ambition comfortable person, not really very complimentary.
Quite often it is a pleasant way of calling someone lazy. In terms of river navigation it means someone who goes with the current and not against it. Going with the flow is not about throwing your ore and hoping for the best its about awareness.
The presence and ability to blend ones own energy with the prevailing energy. It means letting go of our peson agenda and noticing the play around us.
If we can tap our energy and flow with it we can go where we need to go a whole lot faster than resisting or going against the current. When we go with the flow it does not mean we do not know where we are going, it only means we are open to more than one way of getting there. We are interested in the goal and not rigid about the nitty gritty path.
Going with the flow is to let go, modify and reinvent as the game calls.
Going with the flow means we are aware of an energy that is larger than our small selves and we are open to working with it.
May be we do not trust the flow to take us to our goal. So we cling to our plans and routines that don’t work. we cling to relationshiips and pattersn that are against spontanous flow of our individual nature.
May be it is time to do ourselves a favor, trusting the current of our lives to take us to our destination. we need to raise the anchor that weighs us down, let the flow of the universe take charge and welcome life with open arms.
I like the kannada song that says,
doni saagali, munde hogali, dooratheerava serali
beesugalige yeruthilliyuva therayamelgade saagali.